Driving Europe’s Ecological Transition

The threat of climate demands an ambitious and urgent shift in how we produce and consume. We will lead Europe’s rapid ecological transition, including an investment of €500 billion each year in green infrastructure and industry.


Green New Deal

€500 billion each year in Green Investment Bonds for Europe’s green transition

We will introduce a Green Investment Program that invests €500 billion each year in Europe’s green transition. The investment from the Green New Deal will transform Europe’s infrastructure to align with our ambitious climate goals and the IPCC’s recommendations, including the transition to low-emissions transportation methods and the construction of renewable energy systems. The Program will be financed entirely via Green investment bonds issued by Europe’s public investment banks institutions, and backed by an alliance of Europe’s central banks, which will stand ready to intervene in the secondary bond markets in case the Green investment bond yields begin to rise. The program will consult with communities, cities and municipalities to develop and manage the projects that matter most at the local level. Special attention will be paid to coal-depend regions to ensure that there are new jobs in green industries for every one that is left behind in a fuel-reliant industries.

2030 Climate Compact

Ambitious targets for emissions reductions, renewables adoption, and energy consumption

The European Union must move faster in order to protect the planet from uncontrolled climate change and keep global temperature rise below 1.5 degrees. We will introduce a 2030 Climate Compact that sets more ambitious targets for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, the adoption of renewable energy sources, and overall decline in energy consumption. In order to achieve these goals, we will support phasing out all environmentally damaging subsidies and strengthen the review of the environmental impact of the EU budget. We will foster low-emission mobility, developing infrastructure for walking, cycling, and public transport, as well as encouraging a shift from freight transport to rail and inland waterways. And we will support the development of renewable energy systems, removing existing barriers to solar-wind energy production and storage, and investing in the distribution of energy by smart and secure supply grids.

European Environmental Court

Investigate and adjudicate compliance with the international environmental law

We will work to create a special body attached to the European Court of Justice that will investigate and adjudicate compliance with the 2030 Climate Compact and the National Emission Ceiling Directive. The Environmental Court will also rule on Europe-based companies operating abroad and their respect for environmental standards in industries like fishing, mining, and drilling.

Pricing Fossil Fuels

We will raise prices on carbon to bring Europe in line with emissions targets

We will raise prices on carbon to bring Europe in line with emissions targets. We propose a progressive carbon tax based on the level of a country’s development and emissions. In addition, we propose a carbon border tax that raises the price of carbon-produced goods from outside the EU in order to help firms reduce their climate impact while remaining competitive. And we will reform the emission trading system by reducing the number of emission certificates and including more industrial sectors and greenhouse gases in its scope.

Europe’s Blue Transition

We will shift away from a model that treats them as waste repositories

We must respect our oceans, shifting away from a model that treats them as repositories for our waste. European Spring will propose a blue transition in European maritime strategy and water framework directive. We will introduce legislation that keeps fishing at sustainable levels, setting the limits for fishing below the Maximum Sustainable Yield and investing greater resources in sustainable, small-scale fisheries from the EU budget. We will radically expand the Marine Protected Areas around Europe in order to protect marine ecosystems. We will implement the European Parliament resolution preventing the exploitation of deep-sea resources. And we will improve the monitoring system for pollution in the oceans to reduce the amount of waste in our waters.

Transforming Agriculture and Land Use Policy

We will introduce reforms to guarantee resource security and improve sustainability

We will transform European agricultural and land use policy in order to guarantee food and resource security and improve environmental sustainability. As a first step, we will align the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) with policies like the Birds and Habitats Directive, the Water Framework Directive, the Nitrogen Directive, the Pesticides Directive, the Emission Reduction Directive, and the Marine Strategy. In addition, we will initiate a shift from intensive large-scale animal agriculture in Europe toward sustainable and small-scale practices, notably by redirecting CAP subsidies toward organic, vegetable-preferring, permaculture farming and affiliated research. We believe that the EU should aim for quality food self-sufficiency, while reducing our reliance on commercial exports and agricultural dumping. We believe in celebrating Europe’s biodiversity. We will support foresters to increase their species diversity, promote forest restructuring and climate adaptation, and initiate reforestation. Finally, we will increase the European contribution towards biodiversity within the Natura 2000 network of protected areas, the High Nature Value territories and all the necessary ecological corridors and buffer areas.

Fighting Pollution

An integrated waste management system to fight pollution in Europe and around the world

European Spring will develop an integrated waste management system to fight pollution in Europe and around the world. We will ban open landfills and introduce new regulations to ensure that landfills are managed to very high standards to protect water from pollution. We will dramatically reduce waste exports, and we will subsidize new research in recycling methods and biodegradable materials to upgrade Europe’s waste management. We will take a strong stance against the production of pollutants. We will introduce regulations to restrict heavy metal pollution that poisons water, pharmaceuticals pollution that leads to drug-resistant super-bugs, and micro-plastics that kill aquatic life. To fight plastic pollution, we will support an EU-wide tax on plastic production. The current EU tax targets member-states that fail to recycle their plastic, but it does not provide incentives for companies to stop using plastic in their products. We will tax plastic producers.

A Ban on Fracking

A Europe-wide ban on ‘fracking’ and the use of shale gas

We will propose a Europe-wide ban on ‘fracking’ and the use of shale gas. Fracking methods are a present threat to our health and our climate. We are calling for their immediate end.

Disaster Prevention, Protection, and Adaptation Plan

We will protect citizens and their communities from natural disasters

We will protect citizens and their communities from natural disasters. We will introduce a European Plan for Seismic and Hydrogeological Risk that directs funds for classification of risks and the creation of a publically available hazard maps, renovation of infrastructure with high levels of vulnerability, new standards for construction, and maintenance of regions at risk. The plan will expand on the EU Solidarity Fund to support municipal governments to develop strategies for disaster preparedness and response.

Animal Welfare Standard

We will strengthen the regulation of animals in industry, research, and education

We will harmonize animal protection laws in a new Animal Welfare Standard. This standard will target practices like the breeding of defects, compulsory mastication, the fixation of sows in the crate, and livestock transport. We will strengthen the regulation of animals in industry, research, and education and encourage their replacement with alternative methods like cell culture and biochips.